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Shotgun Restoration In Process: Parker BHE
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Shotgun Restoration in Process:
Parker BHE

Day1 | Day2 | Day3 | Day4 | Day5 | Day6 | Day7 | Day8
Day9 | Day10 | Day11 | Day12
| Day13 | Day14 | Day15
Completed Parker BHE Restoration Project

Originally built in 1920, this 12 gauge Parker BHE shotgun came to us with close to a century of use and a cracked stock.  Firearm restoration work will include a new buttstock (with a skeleton butt plate and gold oval), checkering, full metal polish, engraving re-cut, and our signature metal finishes.  Learn more about Turnbull Restoration Services.

Day 1: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - Making a new shotgun buttstock
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Since the original stock was cracked, we glued it together using acraglas so that a duplicate stock can be made using our duplicator. A blank of English Walnut has been selected.
The original stock and the selected blank of wood are put into our duplicator. Here is a close up of the original and the blank of English Walnut.
We use the stylus to trace the shape of the existing stock, while the router moves over the new blank of wood to duplicate the pattern of the original stock. Here is the new stock!
Close up of the inletting that the duplicator is capable of matching.  
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Day 2: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - Fitting the stock to the receiver.  Order Firearm Restoration

The frame and floorplate are used to further inlet the stock to make sure that all the parts fit properly. The first step is to apply inletting black to the frame to show the contact points.
The frame is put onto the stock and then removed.  Any inletting black that remains on the wood needs to be reworked using a scraper. The contact points are where the black inletting was left behind.
The high points are then scraped off. Inletting the stock can sometimes take a few hours to do.
The stock is clamped to inlet the bottom tang. The same inletting process happens here.  Inletting is applied, the bottom tang is fit and then more scraping occurs until everything is where it should be.
Here the gunsmith is filing the wood to metal. Rasping to shape the Parker shotgun buttstock.
Profiling the shape of the fleur. Comparing the original Parker BHE shotgun buttstock to the new one.
Detail sanding and shaping to achieve the desired fleur de lis.
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Day 3: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - Fitting the skeleton buttplate.  Order Firearm Restoration

First the spur is inletted to find the center for the skeleton buttplate. The buttplate is put on, and the metal is traced.
Filing extra wood down. This shows a nice profile of the inside of the skeleton buttplate.
At this point, the skeleton buttplate is about half-way inletted. After some more scraping and fitting, the skeleton buttplate has been fully inletted.
Since the buttplate and frame have been inletted, a final sanding happens.  
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Day 4: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - The last day of inletting!
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At this time the hammer relief can be inletted. And also the sears.
Look at all the internals! The serial number is stamped.
New stock, old stock. Can you spot the cast off?  The customers custom dimensions required a 3/16" cast off.
The final inletting is complete - the gun is then test fired. Top tang
Trigger guard  
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Day 5: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - Polishing the barrels
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First, the set of barrels are evaulated. Gordie, our barrel polisher locates any dings, scratches or rust spots that might require extra attention during polishing.
Gordie uses a polishing block with some sanding paper for removing the rust bluing. For any deeper pitting or rust spots that made need something more aggressive, he uses a mill file.
Here you can see what the polishing block and sanding paper start to take away. As with most areas of gunsmithing, polishing requires a lot of attention to detail.


Next week we'll return to 
the stock to see how the
stockmaker inlets a gold
shield into the buttstock. 

Here is the finished set of barrels!  This will then go to our in-house engraver to have the engraving re-cut.  
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Day 6: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - Inletting the gold shield
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First the gold shield is placed and a layout is drawn. The area is then rough chiseled.
The shield is then glued in. Tape is used to secure the shield during the drying process.
After the shield has dried for a few hours, the tape is removed. Using a file, the shield is then shaped into place.


Check in next week to
see the engraving re-cut
on the newly polished

The installation of the gold shield is complete!  
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Day 7: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - Re-cutting the barrel engraving
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This is before any re-cut has been done.

First the borders are re-cut.  This particular pattern on the Parker BHE is known as
a "chip cut border".

All of our engraving is done by hand. Tap Tap Tap!
Here you can see the difference between
the band on the left that has been re-cut, and the band on the right that has not.
Re-cutting the barrel on the top rib.
Tom McArdle, our in-house engraver and his set-up. Here are some of the tools that Tom uses - an air chasing engraver, and a standard hammer & chisel.

Next week we'll show you
some of the polishing
on the action, floor plate
and trigger guard. 

The finished barrel after both bands have been re-cut.  Next it's off to be rust blued.  
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Day 8: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - Polishing the action
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In polishing the frame, one has to be very careful not to remove too much of the
original engraving.

Here our gunsmith uses a polishing
stick with sanding paper to polish
the floor plate.

The floor plate and action are matched up to ensure that they are polished evenly. The breech ball is cleaned up with the same polishing block and sanding paper.
Polishing the trigger guard. Using a "shoe shine" method to polish
the trigger guards.
The finished trigger guard. A wooden dowl with sanding paper is the tool of choice for this section ensuring that the radius is just right on the forend iron.
More polishing using a wooden dowel. Another method of polishing uses a file with paper wrapped around it to get the flat portions of the fored iron.
All the parts have been polished and are awaiting engraving re-cut.
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Day 9: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - Rust Bluing the Shotgun Barrels
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Before the barrels are steamed, the barrels are inspected for dings, etc. after they've been polished and engraved.  Steaming removes any built up grease or residue that has accumulated over its lifetime.

The barrels are then dipped into a hot soap tank to be de-greased.  Generally they sit in this tank for about 30 minutes.

They are then rinsed off with water and towel dried. Using a propane torch, the barrels are warmed up for further drying.  This step removes any extra moisture and enhances the bluing process.
Next, an abrasive pad is used to create a surface for the bluing salts to work on. Using a brush, the bluing salts are being applied to the barrels.
The barrels are put into boiling water.  The boiling water turns the red oxide black. After several coats of bluing salts and trips to the water tank, the final coat is taken off with fine steel wool.
Finishing wax is then applied to stop the oxidizing process, and to prevent rusting. Here are the finished shotgun barrels after being wiped down with some G96.
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Day 10: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - Stock Refinishing
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After a final sanding, the pores will be filled, wood is stained and then the finishes are applied.

Using our proprietary stain mixture, we evenly apply this over the stock to ensure a uniform finish.

Stain is applied several times until the correct color is achieved. Here the stain has dried, and the color is just right.
The stock is placed in a dust free heating cabinet to help keep the stock clean while the stain fully dries. The first application of oil finish is then applied.
Using a hand rubbed method, several coats are applied. Finally a rubbing compound finish completes the process by eliminating any dust particles that might have set in.


Check in next week
to see the
checkering process! 

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Day 11: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - Checkering the Buttstock
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First the pattern has to be laid out, and here the center lines are marked.

The master lines for the checkering are then sketched.

Ryan also uses the original Parker shotgun buttstock to layout the design. Here is a single line cutter, which is one of a few tools he'll use during the process.
First the cutter is used to cut the border along the trigger guard. Once the border is done, he begins to cut the lines in one direction.
This particular pattern has 26 lines per inch. The lines have all been cut in one direction.
Now the lines are cut in the opposite direction. Here is a top view of the stock.  You can see that the pattern is wrapped around the top and also goes underneath.


Check in next week to
see the rest of the checkering

The main part of the checkering is complete.  Next, he'll checker the side panels and add a mullered border.
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Day 12: Parker BHE Shotgun Restoration - More Checkering
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First the side panels are outlined.

The wood is removed for the recessed side panel.

A small hand chisel is used to carefully extract the area that will be checkered. Checkering the side panel.
The finished side panel. Using a checkering spacing tool, the mullered borders are laid out.
A chisel is then used to complete the mullered border. Finished side view.
Finished top view.
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Day 13: Parker BHE Restoration - Engraving
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Since the buttplate is an odd shape, our in-house engraver Tom starts by hot gluing the buttplate to a block of wood.

Using a sharpie for contrast, he then scribes the basic borders.

A chisel is then used to follow the lines. Here he does some detail work on the rosette around the screw hole.
Because there wasn't an original buttplate on this shotgun, Tom had to research the style of engraving that was used at the time to come up with the pattern. Touching up the knurling on the safety button.
More knurling on the safety button. The finished safety button.


Check in next week to
see the engraving re-cut
on the rest of the 

The finished buttplate.
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Day 14: Re-cutting the engraving
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Re-cutting the engraving on the left side of the frame.

Now for the bottom side of the frame.

Detail work! Engraving the screws.
Tom tapes on an ink pull from the original stock oval. First he scribes on the numbers.
And then he can engrave the numbers. The gold stock shield is complete!
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Day 15:  Assembly
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The color case hardening has been completed - it's a process that cannot be photographed!  All the parts to the Parker BHE Shotgun are set out so that assembly can take place.
The bottom tang assembly is the first step. Here is a look at the inside of the frame.
Putting the pins in. Mainspring and cocking rod
Here he lines up the safety tower with safety notch. Driving the sears in.


Next week-

See the Parker BHE
Shotgun fully assembled
and back to original

Attaching the floor plate.  
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Completed Parker BHE Restoration Project
We have had a lot of fun documenting this restoration process for you and are pleased with the outcome of the work.   Thank you for checking in each week to see the progress that was made each step of the way!

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Restored Gun Right Side
Fully restored Parker BHE Shotgun - Right side
Restoration included a new English walnut buttstock with skeleton buttplate, full
metal polish, engraving re-cut, refinishing of the beavertail forend, gold shield inlay,
and all of our signature metal finishes (rust blue, charcoal blue, and color case hardening).
Restored Gun Left Side
Fully restored Parker BHE Shotgun - Left side
Restored Gun Right Side Restored Gun Left Side
Detail of the engraving Detail of the fleur and checkering
Gun Restoration Firearm Restoration
This Parker BHE shotgun was used for many years as a Trap gun! Top view
Shotgun Restoration Gallery

Shotgun Restoration Gallery

Bottom side of the receiver Detail of the skeleton buttplate
Gun Restoration

Firearm Restoration

Trigger guard Gold shield inlay
Firearm Restoration

Gun Restoration

Beautifully carved and checkered beavertail forend. English Walnut buttstock
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Turnbull Mfg. Co.
Phone: 585-657-6338; Fax: 585-657-7743
6680 State Route 5 and 20
Bloomfield, NY 14469

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Turnbull Mfg. Co.